Authentic, performance-based learning is a great way to make learning meaningful to students and to encourage them to be creative, innovative, and constructive.
However, assessing student projects can sometimes be a problem because there is no clear-cut answer or solution.
For this reason, rubrics have become increasingly popular.
The first step in creating a performance assessment is defining the target — determining which criteria you are going to assess.
These set criteria will be assessed towards set standards.
After the target is defined, and the standards are set, the next step is to create a task or performance that will allow the students to demonstrate their knowledge, reasoning, skills, and/or attitudes.
The assessment rubric is then constructed as follows:
vertical: the criteria or objectives
Rubrics allow students to understand the criteria for assessment before they start the project.
horizontal: the standards
Rubrics help to make the assessment of the project more objective and consistent.
One of the ways to measure performances with set standards is the use of the ‘Traffic Lights’.