Instruction and learning are increasingly based on competencies, causing a call for assessment methods to adequately determine competency acquisition. Because competency assessment is such a complex endeavor, one single assessment method seems not to be sufficient.
This necessitates Competency Assessment Programs (CAPS) that combine different methods, ranging from classical tests to recently developed assessment methods.
The CAP will therefore have to contain methods for :
Assessment of Learning : summatif
Assessment for Learning : formatif
Assessment as Learning : metacognitif
However, many of the quality criteria used for classical tests as objectivity and validity, cannot be applied to CAPS, since they use a combination of different methods rather than just one, and since most alternative assessment methods are criterium referenced.
These quality criteria are presented in a layered new framework called the
Wheel of Competency Based Assessment